Pacifier use & ear infections, Niemelä 2000
A total of 484 infants under 18 months old were studied. Pacifier use appeared to be a preventable risk factor for acute otitis media.
Breastfeeding, cleft palate & ear infections, Paradise 1994
The authors of this study reviewed and analyzed data concerning both feeding mode and the presence or absence of middle-ear effusion in 315 infants with cleft palate.
Breastfeeding & ear infections, Aniansson 1994
A total of 400 infants were studied at 2, 6, 10 and 12 months of age. Breastfed babies had significantly lower incidence of acute otitis media at every stage.
Breastfeeding & ear infections, Duncan 1993
A total of 1,013 infants were studied during the first year of life to assess the relationship between infant feeding and acute and recurrent otitis media.
Donations to UNICEF UK do not fund the Baby Friendly Initiative, the expenses of the Baby Friendly Initiative are covered by the costs of training and assessment. No element of profit for UNICEF or the baby friendly initiative is included in these costs. © 2010 UNICEF UK.