Decreasing Necrotizing Enterocolitis and Gastrointestinal Bleeding in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit The Role of Donor Human Milk and Exclusive Human Milk Diets in Infants below 1500 g Birth Weight
This study reported the authors’ experience with an exclusive human milk–based diet (EHM) versus diets of mother’s milk supplemented with banked human milk (DHM) or formula (PTF). EHM lowered the incidence of NEC compared with PTF and NEC plus GIB compared with DHM and PTF. Using EHM in VLBW infants at higher risk of NEC appears to be cost-effective.
Cytokines, Chemokines, and Growth Factors in Banked Human Donor Milk for Preterm Infants
This study looked at the preservation of immune components such as cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors upon pasteurization in donor breastmilk.
Possible mechanism by which breastmilk protects against neonatal necrotising enterocolitis
Breastmilk is found to dramatically suppress the activation of (IL)-8
Breastfeeding & necrotising enterocolitis, Lucas 1990
A total of 926 preterm infants were studied, 51 of whom developed nectrotising enterocolitis (NEC).
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