As winter approaches, UNICEF is speeding up its plans to help children and families displaced by violence in Syria.
Across the region, winter temperatures can fall as low as zero degrees Celcius, with strong rains and winds.
There are urgent concerns about the impact of the cold weather on refugee families who fled Syria wearing summer clothing, and are living predominantly in tents.
Over a million people have been displaced by violence within Syria, while more than 300,000 have fled as refugees to Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq.
"The winter will be especially harsh for younger children," said Dominique Isabelle Hyde of UNICEF Jordan. "We're stepping up our work by providing warm clothes for children, blankets, building hot water showers, and winter-proofing tents for children's school lessons."
"The needs are immense and growing, not just in Jordan but in Syria and neighbouring countries," said David Bull, UNICEF UK's Executive Director.
"Right now UNICEF desperately needs more funds to keep helping children."