parents and baby

Infant Mortality

Infant health research

These studies look at the link between breastfeeding and risk of disease and dying in infancy.

UK in danger of failing a generation of children and young people, says new report

The RCPCH published State of Child Health 2020 in March 2020, making it the UK’s largest compilation of data on the health of babies, children and young people. The report used key indicators to determine measures of health and wellbeing, including infant mortality, maternal and perinatal health, breastfeeding and smoking during pregnancy. Whilst the report confirmed that improvements in income and healthcare have contributed to a steady fall in the number of babies dying in their first year for some decades now throughout the world, conclusions found that infant mortality worsened in England between 2016-2017 and more than doubled in the most deprived areas compared to the least deprived areas of England and Wales.

Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health. State of Child Health 2020. March 2020.

Human Milk Oligosaccharides Exhibit Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Properties against Group B Streptococcus

This study examined how human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) affect the pathogenesis of Group B Streptococcus (GBS). Researchers found that HMOs affect the growth and cell biology of GBS, providing the first example of HMOs functioning as antibiofilm agents against GBS – not only destroying bacteria directly but also physically breaking down the biofilms that the bacteria form to protect themselves.

Ackerman, DL, et al (2017), Human Milk Oligosaccharides Exhibit Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Properties against Group B Streptococcus, ACS Infectious Diseases, DOI: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.7b00064


Related research and further reading

Infant health research: Meta-Analyses

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The Lancet: Increasing breastfeeding worldwide could prevent over 800,000 child deaths every year

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The impact of breastfeeding on maternal and child health: Acta Paediatrica special issue

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