A woman and a young girl walk on a beach in Muisne, Ecuador which was devastated by an earthquake in April 2016. Unicef/2016/Arcos

How climate change
affects children

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Children, especially those already facing poverty and violence, are particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

From natural disasters to the creeping impacts of rising sea levels and changing rain fall patterns, climate change threatens children’s most basic rights, including their health, access to food and water, education – even their survival. Climate change exacerbates the root causes of instability and conflict, placing children at a higher risk of violence, exploitation and abuse.

From devastating typhoons in the Philippines to drought in the Sahel and flooding in Pakistan, climate change is already wiping out decades of hard-earned progress achieved by communities around the world. Despite being least responsible for spiralling greenhouse gas emissions, children today and future generations will pay the heaviest price.