A breath of toxic air - how unsafe levels of air pollution are putting UK children in danger.

Child health experts warn air pollution is damaging children’s health

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Child health experts warn air pollution is damaging children’s health

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5 February 2019 – Child health experts across the UK are warning today that air pollution is damaging children’s health – and the public should be better informed so they can take action to protect themselves.

A joint survey by the UK’s leading children’s charity, Unicef UK, and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), has found 92% of child health experts[1] believe the public should more concerned about the negative impact of air pollution on children’s health. 88%[2] warn that toxic air is already causing health problems for children in their region, and more than 90%[3] feel the Government should be prioritising action on air pollution now to tackle this.

The warnings, echoed by Unicef UK in their ‘Healthy air for every child’ report published today, come after the Government’s Clean Air Strategy in January missed a vital opportunity to commit to legally-binding targets to reduce air pollution in the UK and prioritise measures to protect children.

Research by Unicef UK last year found that every day, around one in three children in the UK is breathing harmful levels of air pollution that could damage their health and impact their future.

And the problem shows no sign of abating. Under the Government’s current plans, air pollution in the UK is expected to remain at dangerous levels for at least another 10 years[4]. The estimated cost to health and social care services is upwards of a staggering £2 billion[5], as a result of its impact on heart disease, stroke, lung cancer and childhood asthma.

Mike Penrose, Executive Director at Unicef UK, said: “Children have a fundamental right to grow up in a clean and safe environment that gives them the best possible start in life. The persistent, illegal breaches of air pollution limits across the UK are an unacceptable violation of this.

“The impact of toxic air is undeniable. The UK is home to more children suffering from respiratory conditions than anywhere else in Europe. Every 20 minutes a child experiencing an asthma attack is admitted to hospital. Now child health professionals are warning of the seriousness of this growing health crisis.

“Unicef UK’s new report implores government to take action and put children’s health at the heart of its work on air pollution. We urgently need a public commitment to reduce air pollution to acceptable levels, a national strategy that prioritises action for children, and ring-fenced funding to implement this – so that no child is denied their right to clean air.”

The child health professionals surveyed warn that worryingly low public awareness is owed to a lack of publicly-available information about the health effects of toxic air, which prevents people from taking action to protect themselves. Less than 20% of respondents feel there is sufficient patient guidance and information, and only 30% said there was adequate information available to health professionals to educate and inform the public.

Evidence shows that children are one of the worst affected groups when it comes to air pollution. Among the most vulnerable, according to RCPCH members[6], are babies and children from low socio-economic backgrounds.

Navene Alim, a mother of two from London, said: “The roads near our house are often so busy you can taste the air pollution. It definitely has an impact on children’s health.

“From just 18 months old, my daughter has been in and out of hospital with viral wheezes, bronchitis and even pneumonia. I’m certain her health problems are caused by air pollution.

“I’m on a local traffic management group and I do what I can to protect my kids. I’ve put fans in their rooms to clean the air and on really bad days, sometimes I just can’t let my daughter out. In the winter, she has to use a steroid inhaler. She’s not the only one, lots of children in her class now have inhalers too.

“Air pollution is such an emotive issue. But the bottom line is that the council and Government have a duty of care; inaction is jeopardising our children’s health.”

Professor Jonathan Grigg of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) said:  “One third of the UK’s children are breathing in harmful levels of air pollution and that puts them at high risk of asthma and lung infections which can be fatal. But with appropriate action, these risks don’t have to become a reality.

In recent years, there has been a very welcome shift towards the prioritisation of child health by our Government. I would now like to see this extended towards the prevention of air pollution. The recommendations set out in Unicef UK’s report lay the foundations for this and I very much support them. We now need the Government to act.”

Unicef UK today sets out its proposed strategy for the Government to tackle air pollution and protect children in the UK. The charity is calling for people to join its toxic air campaign:  http://unicef.uk/protectchildrenfromtoxicair

Notes to Editors

  • A survey about air pollution was developed in partnership by Unicef UK and the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH).
  • RCPCH circulated to the survey to its members – there were 80 respondents.
  • Unicef UK is today launching a new report, ‘Healthy air for every child’, which sets out the charity’s proposed strategy to tackle air pollution and its effect on children’s health. The report is available to download on the website: http://unicef.uk/healthyairforeverychild
  • Unicef UK is calling for the Government to commit to legally-binding targets to reduce air pollution in the UK , a national strategy that prioritises action for children, and ring-fenced funding (a ‘Little Lungs Fund’) to implement this.

For more information please contact:

Morwenna Darby, Media Manager, 0207 375 6124, [email protected]

Unicef UK Media Team, 0207 375 6030, [email protected]

About Unicef

Unicef is the world’s leading organisation for children, promoting the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.

Unicef UK raises funds to protect children in danger, transform their lives and build a safer world for tomorrow’s children. As a registered charity we raise funds through donations from individuals, organisations and companies and we lobby and campaign to keep children safe. Unicef UK also runs programmes in schools, hospitals and with local authorities in the UK. For more information please visit unicef.org.uk

Follow UNICEF UK on TwitterFacebook and YouTube

About the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health

The RCPCH is the professional membership body for paediatricians and now with over 19,000 members across the world, it plays a major role in postgraduate medical education, professional standards and research. Using our members’ expertise, the College is also an organisation which activity lobbies government to influence policy change in all four nations. The College also works with children, young people and their families through RCPCH &Us, an engagement network created to actively seek and share their views to influence and shape policy and practice. Find out more at www.rcpch.ac.uk/aboutus

[1] 92% of survey respondents who answered this question. This represents 95% of total survey participants.

[2] 62 out of 74 respondents who answered this question.  This represents 68.75% of total participants surveyed.

[3] 93% of survey respondents who answered this question This represents 95% of total survey participants.

[4] Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs: Clean Air Strategy

[5] Public Health England: Estimation of costs to the NHS and social care due to the health impacts of air pollution, https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/air-pollution-a-tool-to-estimate-healthcare-costs

[6] RCPCH members = respondents to the survey issued by RCPCH to its members